Summer is the peak travel period, travel is necessary to guard against the following five kinds of diseases.
Common Level ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Of transmission: consumption of contaminated food or water
Journey to maintain good health the most important issue is to look at food hygiene, to prevent the "disease from the mouth." Because eating and drinking are viruses, bacteria contaminated food and water, prone to diarrhea, vomiting (E. coli, salmonella, cholera, and parasites), fever (typhoid fever and toxoplasmosis), or liver damage (hepatitis) and so on.
Travelers should pay attention to during the trip to avoid ingestion or consumption may have contaminated food, beverages and drinking water, for example very easy to go to India a "Delhi belly" --- diarrhea, mostly a result of drinking contaminated water rise, while drinking bottled water or boiled water can be in large part to avoid "Delhi belly."
In addition, travel abroad, and some people are not used, there will be dizziness, weakness, poor appetite and poor sleep, such phenomena, it is acclimatized performance. Suffering from a lack of acclimatization, need more fresh fruit, eat greasy food. If the journey was gastrointestinal discomfort after eating may take berberine tablets, abdomen can be an, can play a certain amount of prevention. The event of severe diarrhea, it should be the administration of oral rehydration salts to prevent dehydration, and promptly to the hospital.
2, altitude reaction
Common Level ★ ★ ★ ★ ☆
Ways: climbing to the plateau
Many people travel to high altitude will feel varying degrees of chest tightness, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and other symptoms of hypoxia, but this does not mean you can not adapt to the plateau, generally 1-2 days after the symptoms will improve or disappear. Of course, on the plateau, mountain climbing prior to full preparations, two weeks before departure to take Rhodiola and other drug prevention of altitude sickness. Into the plateau, the lack of oxygen, you may experience such symptoms may take painkillers such as ibuprofen to relieve symptoms, chest tightness, angina, etc., such as taking the CSDP pain. If you have heart disease, hypertension, acute and chronic bronchitis best to not go on a plateau.
Also worth noting is that the plateau dry climate and large temperature difference, so to drink plenty of water, keep warm and avoid cold, because in the Plateau, a cold can be regarded as the "root of all evil," which may lead to pulmonary edema. So, if there are signs of a cold, immediately medication (such as a cold pass, Tylenol, white with black, etc.) under control condition, and to go to hospital.
Common Level ★ ★ ★ ★
Of transmission: Aedes mosquitoes to humans
In recent years, China imported cases of dengue fever increased year by year, and led to several cases of local outbreaks. According to World Health Organization, dengue fever, prevalent in many tropical and subtropical wide range of countries and regions, including the Americas, Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific the epidemic is particularly serious in some countries, such as Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, the Philippines, Cambodia and other countries have reported tens of thousands of cases of dengue fever cases, including hundreds of deaths.
Therefore, to travel in tropical and subtropical countries, it is necessary to avoid mosquito bites, use mosquito nets and mosquito repellent liquid. Once the infectious Aedes mosquito, the human body fever, headache, muscle pain, rash and face, neck, chest, flushing (ie, three red sign) and other symptoms, should seek medical care immediately.
Common Level ★ ★ ★
Of transmission: transmitted by the bite of Anopheles
Malaria, commonly known as "fight malaria," there will be a continuous body chills, fever, sweating, headache, muscle pain and fatigue and other symptoms, the most serious consequences that affect the central nervous system, and even death. Because malaria primarily by the bite of Anopheles transmitted disease, so go to malaria-endemic countries with particular attention to prevent mosquito bites, such as going to Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, North Korea, South Korea, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan , India, Maldives, Nepal, Turkey and other countries and territories, should be taken to avoid malaria.
Tourism should consult a doctor before, it is best to bring a number of anti-malarial drugs, in particular, need to be reminded that, to India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, these countries should bring dechlorination than quinoline antimalarial drugs, chloroquine in these countries because of high of drug resistance. Experts stressed that all travelers should carry at least Atovaquone, doxycycline, primaquine in which a drug. Case of the disease, you can take artemisinin-based drugs (such as dihydroartemisinin - Elcoteq new), conditional to the timely medical treatment.
5, Lyme disease
Common Level ★ ★
Of transmission: Tick
Travel, especially through the bushes, or sleeping, it must beware of Lyme disease. In China's Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning and Inner Mongolia and other places, each of the ticks (belonging to send mites Branch, will be sucking blood, some people spread of zoonoses media) the number of bites of more than 300 million people each year 2-3 million new patients who. Lyme disease in the U.S. Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, upper Midwest and Canada, south-west are also very popular.
Travelers to China's north and travel to Europe and the United States should pay attention to the forest areas to prevent tick bites, wear long-sleeved clothing and trousers, use insect repellent on clothing to prevent tick invasion. Best not to sleep, if we find there are insects bites, or skin erythema, should go to hospital for an examination and application of antibiotics, do not insensitive